Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
body dysmorphic disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as BDD body dysmorphic disorder is a mental health condition which makes people worried about any flaws they may have in their physical appearance.

The condition is more common in teenagers and young adults.

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body integrity identity disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare condition, also known as BIID, which makes a person to have the desire to have a disability by undergoing amputation or live with a discomfort which usually starts in childhood.

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borderline personality disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

People with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) - also known as Emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD) - can experience bursts of anxiety, depression and episodes of anger which can last from a few hours to days.

A percentage of people with the condition also prone to self-harm, anxiety, eating disorders, mood swings and suicidal thoughts.

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bow legs
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common condition in babies where they have a small gap between their knees and ankles.

If the gap doesn’t fix itself overtime you are advised to seek medical attention.

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brain aneurysm
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A cerebral aneurysm (also known as a brain aneurysm) is a weak or thin spot on an artery in the brain that balloons or bulges out and fills with blood. The bulging aneurysm can put pressure on the nerves or brain tissue. It may also burst or rupture, spilling blood into the surrounding tissue (called a hemorrhage)

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Brain Haemorrhage
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A type of stroke caused by an artery in the brain splitting causing bleeding to surrounded tissues.

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Brain Injury
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

There are two common types of Brain Injuries. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) – The brain is damaged after an accident or a fall & Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) – When the brain is damaged since birth following a health issue such as a stroke, infection, haemorrhage or a medical accident.

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Breast cancer
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

About 1 in 8 women are diagnosed with breast cancer during their lifetime. There's a good chance of recovery if it's detected at an early stage.

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brittle bone disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A disorder which results in fragile bones that break easily. The condition usually stems from birth and only develops in children if there is a family history of the illness.

Brittle bone disease is also known as osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) which translates to “imperfectly formed bone”

Severe forms of the disease can lead to further complications such as hearing loss, permanent deformities, spinal cord problems and heart failure.

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bronchitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Symptoms of bronchitis include a sore throat, tiredness, a runny or blocked nose, headache and aches and pains although the most obvious sign of the condition is a hacking cough which could continue for several weeks.

You may also find it difficult to breathe normally and wheezing.

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Brown-Sequard syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare spinal injury when the spinal cord has been damaged instead of breaking. Those who have Brown-Sequard syndrome may be paralysed where the spine has been affected. If the condition isn’t diagnosed in its early stages the effects may be permanent.

Symptoms usually first appear with pain and rising temperature below the trauma. You may also experience loss of bladder and bowel control and weakness in the muscles, although in most cases these symptoms are restored over a period of time.

The condition can be caused by other spinal disorders, in extreme cases Brown-Sequard syndrome can be ‘triggered’ from a gunshot or a stabbing.

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bulimia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

People with bulimia try to control their weight by limiting their food intake and binge eating to make themselves vomit. They also use laxatives to they can quickly pass unwanted food and lose weight.

Bulimic people can have severe low esteem and suffer from depression, alcohol misuse and self-harm.

There are an estimated 1.6 million people in the UK living with the illness, a quarter of which are thought to be male.

Bursitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Bursitis occurs when the fluid-filled sacs which cushion your joints – also known as bursa – become inflamed.

It can be cause pain to your joints and make them swollen, tender, warm and make them uncomfortable when you apply pressure.

Common places for Bursitis are the knees, shoulders, elbows and hips.

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cardio vascular disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A general term which describes heart disease which is a result of a blood clot or the artery’s being clogged up with fatty deposits – known as atherosclerosis.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) falls into four categories…

Stroke

Peripheral arterial disease

Aortic disease

Coronary heart disease

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cardiovascular disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Cardiovascular disease, also known as CVD, is the collective name given to diseases which involve blood vessels or the heart.

Examples of CVD include coronary artery diseases such as anginas and heart attacks.

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