Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)

Glossaries

Term Main definition
autoimmune disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Autoimmune Disease affects up to 50 million people in America. The illness decides your healthy cells are foreign which means the immune systems start attacking health cells.

The condition can cause abnormal organ growth and changes in organ function.

Hits - 542
autophagic vacuolar myopathy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as Arteriovenous Malformation AVM is a group of blood vessels which are not formed properly and have a higher rate of bleeding than normal.

They can occur anywhere in the body and are very rare.

Hits - 391
b12 deficiency
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

B12 deficiency is caused by a lack of oxygen.

Symptoms include weak muscles, numbness, trouble walking, nausea, weight loss, irritability, fatigue, and increased heart rate.

The condition can be treated by  vitamin B12 supplements.

 

Hits - 253
Back Pain
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common cause of back pain is an injury like a pulled muscle (strain).

Sometimes, medical conditions like a slipped disc, sciatica (a trapped nerve) or ankylosing spondylitis (a long-term condition in which the spine and other areas of the body become inflamed) can cause back pain.

Very rarely, back pain can be a sign of a serious problem such as a broken bone, cancer or an infection.

Hits - 196
Back pain - Non specific (mechanical)
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Nonspecific back pain is typically mechanical in nature, in that it is brought on when the spine moves.

Hits - 129
bacterial-meningitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An infection which can be extremely serious and can cause death within hours, but in most cases patients do recover.

The condition can lead to permanent disabilities such as hearing loss, brain damage and learning disabilities.

The illness usually affects young children, teenagers and the elderly.

Symptoms include headaches, a stiff neck and a fever.

Hits - 367
batten disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare and fatal condition which usually starts in childhood.

As the illness progresses the patient’s nervous system, movement disorders and co-ordination will drastically deteriorate.

People with batten disease will eventually become wheelchair-bound, bedridden and pass away prematurely.

Hits - 582
Becker muscular dystrophy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An inherited condition that weakens and the skeletal and cardiac muscles. Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is more common in men and symptoms are likely to start between the ages of 5 and 15. The progressive condition can make it difficult to walk and people with BMD can have frequent falls due to a lack of balance. Over time a person with the condition is likely to require a wheelchair. In later life Becker muscular dystrophy prevents the heart pumping blood leading to a heart condition known as cardiomyopathy. People with BMD may live into their 40s or beyond.

Hits - 289
Behcets disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Behçet's syndrome is a rare and poorly understood condition that results in inflammation of the blood vessels and tissues.

Symptoms - which usually start in a person's 20s and 30s,  include genital and mouth ulcers, red painful eyes and blurred vision, acne-like spots, headaches, painful and stiff and swollen joints.

Hits - 163
Bells Palsy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which temporary weakens or paralysis muscles on one side of the face.

Bell’s Palsy is the most common form of facial paralysis, but it can also be triggered by a stroke, injury to the facial nerve or an injury from surgery.

Hits - 574
Bile Acid Malabsorption
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common form of diarrhoea which is often found in people who have irritable bowel syndrome.

Hits - 517
bipolar
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Formally known as manic depression, people coping with Bipolar can experience irregular mood swings from one extreme to the other.

During these times they can feel highly overactive or very low and depressed. People with Bipolar are usually diagnosed with depression first, they will then experience manic episodes where they can feel very high before being told they are living with the condition.

It can be rare for a Bipolar patient to feel in a ‘normal state of mind’ on a regular basis.

Hits - 808
bladder exstrophy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare condition which can affect both sexes which develops from inside the womb. The bladder grows inside out so when the baby is born urine can drip down onto the skin causing irritation.

Only one out of 20,000 babies are born with the condition and there is no known cure.

Hits - 498
Blepharitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Blepharitis is the term for when the eyelids become inflamed. The condition usually affects both eyelids and commonly occurs when the small oil glands next to the eyelid’s edges become clogged which can cause redness and irritation.

Hits - 391
blindness
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Blindness is the inability to see or a lack of vision. In the most severe cases, there's an inability to see even light. It also means that you can't correct your vision with eyeglasses, contact lenses, eye drops or other medical therapy, or surgery.

Hits - 146
comments powered by Disqus