Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
apnea of infancy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An unexplained episode of breathing for 20 seconds or longer, or a shorter respiratory pause.

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Appendicitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Appendicitis is a severe stomach pain in the lower right-hand side of the abdomen. It can come on suddenly and in most cases the appendix will have to be taken out.

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arrhythmia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Arrhythmia is a condition affecting the rhythm of heartbeats making the beats either too fast or too slow.

When the heart beats too fast this is known as tachycardia, when it beats too slow this called bradycardia.

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arteriovenous malformation
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Arteriovenous malformation is the term for a tangle of blood vessels between the arteries and veins with abnormal connections.

Blood from the arteries drains directly in the veins bypassing the normal tissues which essential substances such as oxygen and nutrition.

The process can be painful and make the normal tissues fragile as well as making the heart work faster so it keeps up with the extra blood flow.

Arteriovenous malformation affects around 1.4 in every 100,000 people.

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arthritis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Arthritis can affect anybody, at any age. In the UK around 10 million people live with the condition which causes pain and inflammation in the joints. There are two main types of arthritis…Osteoarthritis – The most common form which affects the smooth lining of the joint & Rheumatoid Arthritis – A result of the body’s immune system targeting affected joints leading to pain and swelling. The latter is usually found people aged between 40 and 50 and is three times more likely to affect women.

Arthrogryposis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A term used to describe a number of conditions which affect the joints, usually in the arms and legs.

The condition is normally diagnosed in utero or at birth.

Despite the cause of arthrogryposis being unknown it is thought to be related to not enough space in utero and low amniotic fluid.

arthrogryposis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A congenital disorder which stiffens the joints which usually leads to nerve and muscle degeneration and impairment in the limbs. The condition can affect movement in the hips, feet, ankles, shoulders, knees, wrists…any limbs in the body!

Also known as Arthrogryposis multiplex cogenita (AMC) the illness was originally diagnosied as a single disease although medical research shows arthogryposis is a combination of muscle disorders.

The name comes from the Greek term which means “curving of joints”.

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arthrogryposis multiplex congentia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known just as ’arthrogryposis’ the condition describes joint contractures in two or more areas in the body which is present at birth.

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ASD
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability caused by differences in the brain. Some people with ASD have a known difference, such as a genetic condition. Other causes are not yet known. Scientists believe there are multiple causes of ASD that act together to change the most common ways people develop. We still have much to learn about these causes and how they impact people with ASD.

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Asperger syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Named after Austrian doctor, Hans Asperger – who first described the condition in 1944.

Asperger’s is a form of autism which affects how a person understands the world, communicates to others and processes information.

Asperger syndrome is a form of developmental disorders commonly known as ASD – autistic spectrum disorder. The condition differs from autism – children with the Asperger’s usually have an average level of language development and intelligence, although their communication skills can deteriorate as they become older.

It’s estimated 1 in 100 people in the UK have ASD.

 

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aspergers
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

People with Asperger syndrome see, hear and fell the world differently to others, although they do not usually have to cope with learning disabilities that affects most patients living with other forms of Autism.  However, they may have specific learning difficulties.

The condition is more common in men than women.

Around 700,000 people in the UK live with autism.

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asthma
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The illness can affect anyone at any age, although the condition usually starts in childhood. During an asthma attack you can feel breathless and wheezy. The symptoms can vary from mild to severe and occur irregular interviews which could be on an hourly or daily basis.

An asthma attack is when the air passages become inflamed and start to swell disrupting the nerve endings in the airways. This narrows the airwaves making it more difficult for the air to travel to and from the lungs.

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asymmetric diplegia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Asymmetric diplegia is a form of cerebral palsy which affects one side of the body more than the other. For example one leg may be slightly shorter than the other. This is usually in both the thigh (femur) and the shin (tibia).

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atrial fibrillation
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A heart condition that causes an irregular and usually faster heart rate which can be much higher than 100 times a minute.

The average heart rate is between 60 and 100 bpm.

Symptoms include shortness of breath, dizziness and tiredness.

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autism
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which affects the ability to interact and communicate with others. People with Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can also have behaviour problems and experience difficulty concentrating.

There are more boys with the condition than there are girls and its estimated 1 in 100 people in the UK have ASD.

There’s no cure for the condition although support is available in the form of educational and behavioural programmes.

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