Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
Diabulimia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An eating disorder which affects people with type 1 diabetes who deliberately lower their insulin levels so they can lose weight.

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dicephalic parapagus
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare form of partial twinning when a baby is born with two heads side by side on one torso.

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DiGeorge Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as 22q11.2, DiGeorge syndrome is caused by the deletion of a small segment of chromosome 22.

Symptoms can include frequent infections, learning difficulties, congenital heart problems, developmental delays and specific facial features including a cleft palate.

Some people with DiGeorge Syndrome may not know they even have the condition, although others may have severe cases and the illness could be fatal.

The condition is usually diagnosed soon after birth by a blood test.

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dilated cardiomyopathy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A heart condition which is caused when the pumping chambers of the heart become enlarged which means blood can’t be pumped around the body efficiently.

Dilated cardiomyopathy can be a genetic condition and in some cases it is not life threatening although it can lead to sudden death in some instances.

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dorsal stream dysfunction
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An umbrella term for a group of cerebral visual impairments degrading the way vision is created for us in a part of the brain called the posterior parietal lobes.

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Down Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Statistics show around 775 babies are born with Down's Syndrome every year in the UK which usually implies the child will grow up coping with a learning disability and characteristic physical features. People with Down's Syndrome are likely to have a small mouth with a protruding tongue, eyes which are looking upwards, a reduced muscle tone and a flat surface located at the back of their heads. However, the level of learning disability will vary for each individual.

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Downs Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Statistics show around 775 babies are born with Down's Syndrome every year in the UK which usually implies the child will grow up coping with a learning disability and characteristic physical features. People with Down's Syndrome are likely to have a small mouth with a protruding tongue, eyes which are looking upwards, a reduced muscle tone and a flat surface located at the back of their heads. However, the level of learning disability will vary for each individual

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Dravet
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare genetic epileptic dysfunction of the brain which begins in the first year of life in an otherwise healthy infant.

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dravet syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare form of severe myoclonic epilepsy (SMEI) where seizures are often triggered off in hot temperatures.

Out of 500 children with epilepsy only about one or two will have the condition.

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Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A severe type of Muscular Dystrophy which usually starts in boys around the age of four and deteriorates quickly.

Muscle loss normally begins in the upper legs and pelvis area before spreading to the upper arms.

There are about 2,500 people living in the UK with the condition.

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dwarfism
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

There are two types of restricted growth…PSS which stands for proportionate short stature – where the trunk and limbs stay in proportion and disproportionate short stature (DSS) meaning the limbs are out of proportion. Despite these ‘small’ changes most people living with dwarfism don’t have to cope with any serious problems – unless the bar in their local pub is too high off the ground!

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Dysgraphia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A learning disability which affects writing abilities.

Those living with the condition may have poor handwriting, difficulty spelling and putting their thoughts down on paper.

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Dyslexia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common learning difficulty which makes reading and spelling difficult. Dyslexia can affect the verbal memory, rapid serial naming, verbal processing speed and phonological awareness. One in every Ten people in the UK have some form of the condition.

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dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A term used to describe the presence of abnormal cells within a tissue or organ. Dysplasia is not cancer, but it may sometimes become cancer.

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Dyspraxia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Developmental co-ordination disorder – DCD – or ‘Dyspraxia’ is a condition which limits a person’s physical co-ordination which can make them look clumsy.

Causes of DCD can be being born prematurely, a family history of the condition and being born with a low birth weight.

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