Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)

Glossaries

Term Main definition
concussion
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Concussion can be a mild to severe head injury which can cause dizziness, nausea, memory loss, loss of balance, vision impairment, feeling stunned and confused. In most cases memory loss is restored within a few hours although it’s strongly advised to seek medical advice after any head injury.

Congenital heart condition
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Congenital heart disease relates to a collection of birth defects which affects the working heart.

The illness affects 9 in 1,000 babies a year in the UK.

Symptoms include tiredness, excessive sweating, rapid heartbeat, rapid breathing and a blue tinge to the skin known as cyanosis.

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congenital myopathy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Congenital myopathy is a term for any genetic muscle disorder that is typically noticed at birth and includes weakness and lack of muscle tone. Some congenital myopathies may not show symptoms until infancy or childhood.

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congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Congenital pulmonary lymphangiectasia, also known as CPL, is a rare developmental disorder that is present at birth. Babies born with the condition have abnormally widened lymphatic vessels, which helps the immune system in protecting the body against infection and disease, within the lungs.

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conjoined twins
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Conjoined twins are physically joined at birth, sometimes sharing organs, and in some cases separable by surgery depending on the degree of fusion.
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conjunctivitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Often referred to as ‘Red Eye’ – because the condition inflames the tissue layer covering the eye. As well as redness conjunctivitis can also cause itchiness and watering of the eye.

The condition usually starts in one eye, but can spread to both.

Causes of conjunctivitis include allergies to shampoo products, viral or bacterial infections and reactions to dust or pollen.

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COPD
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is the term used for a group of lung conditions which usually affects middle-aged adults or smokers in their old age.

Those with COPD experience progressive breathing difficulties which can usually be kept under control with treatment.

Symptoms include increasing loss of breath, a persistent phlegmy cough, regular chest infections and wheezing.

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coronary heart disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as CHD and ishaemic heart disease the condition can be fatal.

Symptoms include chest pain, heart failure and heart attacks.

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costochondritis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Those living with costochondritis experience inflammation of the cartilage joining the ribs to the breastbone.

The condition can cause chest pain which can become more uncomfortable when breathing, coughing, sneezing and performing physical activity. It can also become more painful when the person lies down or applies pressure to the area for example…wearing a seatbelt or giving somebody a cuddle.

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Covid-19
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

COVID-19 can affect your lungs and airways, caused by the coronavirus virus.

Symptoms include coughing, high temperature and shortness of breath.

There’s no cure for COVID-19, although the illness be controlled by washing your hands with soap or washing up liquid on a regular basis for at least 20 seconds.

It is not known how the virus spreads but similar virus are passed on from person to person in cough droplets.

Vaccines were available from early 2021.

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COVID-19 coronavirus
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

COVID-19 can affect your lungs and airways, caused by the coronavirus virus.

Symptoms include coughing, high temperature and shortness of breath.

There’s no cure for COVID-19, although the illness be controlled by washing your hands with soap or washing up liquid on a regular basis for at least 20 seconds.

It is not known how the virus spreads but similar virus are passed on from person to person in cough droplets.

It is hoped a vaccine will be available in 2021.

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cranial hypertension
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The medical name for a build-up of pressure around the brain which can be triggered by a severe head injury, stroke or brain abscess.

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Crohns disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A long-term condition which causes inflammation of digestive system’s lining, usually in the small intestine or the large intestine.

Symptoms include fatigue, weight loss, blood and mucus in your faeces, diarrhoea and abdominal pain.

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Crouzon syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as a Craniosynostosis, Crouzon syndrome is a rare condition which sees the head form into an irregular shape which can cause eye problems, headaches and learning disabilities.

The symptoms can usually be traced back to increased pressure inside the skull.

Depending on the type of Craniosynostosis and which part of the skull is damaged the head will form into different shape.

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CRPS
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) causes severe pain which won’t go away. The condition usually affects one arm or leg after injury to the limb.

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