Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
Claustrophobia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The fear of confined spaces affects 10% of people ‘crammed’ into the UK. A percentage of which can feel severe anxiety or suffer panic attacks when they feel they don’t have enough space around them, believing they are about to lose control of the current situation.

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Cleidocranial Dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as CCD, Cleidocranial Dysplasia is a genetic condition which affects bone development and the teeth.

CCD affects 1 in a million children across the world.

People with the condition lose their primary teeth and develop secondary teeth later than usual which causes overcrowding of the teeth and mal-alignment of the jaw.

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Cloves Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Congenital Lipomatous Overgrowth Vascular Malformations Epidermal Nevis Spinal/Skeletal Anomalies/Scoliosis AKA Cloves Syndrome only affects 150 people worldwide.

Symptoms include fatty masses on the skin, torso, limbs and spinal abnormalities. It’s unclear what causes Cloves Syndrome although scientific evidence shows 60% of patients with the illness have a mutation in the gene PIK3CA.

There is no cure for the disease although in most cases the illness can be managed and controlled with extensive surgery.

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club foot
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A club foot is when one or both feet point down and inwards with the sole facing backwards

It’s usually diagnosed after a baby is born although in some cases doctors can tell during pregnancy.

Club foot isn’t painful at an early age but can cause irritation at a later age.

About 1 in 1,000 babies are born with a club foot.

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clubbed feet
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A club foot is when one or both feet point down and inwards with the sole facing backwards

It’s usually diagnosed after a baby is born although in some cases doctors can tell during pregnancy.

Club foot isn’t painful at an early age but can cause irritation at a later age.

About 1 in 1,000 babies are born with a club foot.

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CMD
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Congenital muscular dystrophy (CMD) is a group of muscular dystrophies that become apparent at or near the time of birth.

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CMV
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

CMV, also known as Cytomegalovirus, is usually harmless and is similar to the herpes virus which causes chickenpox and cold sores.

The condition can cause complications to unborn babies, so pregnant women are at risk.

Once you have CMV you have the virus for the rest of your life, but as 80% of British adults carry the disease most of us will never know we have it.

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Cohen syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A variable genetic disorder which can lead to abnormalities in the face, feet, hands, head and affect intellectual levels.

In most cases people with Cohen have a head smaller than the average size and a smaller upper lip. The patient can also be obese around the torso and a low level of white blood cells can sometimes be detected from birth.

The condition is caused by an abnormal gene which is found on chromosome 8.

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coloboma
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A gap in the eye structure. The condition starts during pregnancy when a baby’s eye hasn’t developed and takes longer than usual – the growth can take up to eight weeks. Coloboma can affect one eye (unilateral) or both eyes (bilateral) and affect specific parts of the organ.

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Colour Vision Deficiency
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

More commonly referred to as ‘Colour Blind’. People with Colour vision deficiency are unable to distinguish between different colours, they usually struggle with pale colours if there isn’t enough light and confuse reds, browns, greens, yellows and oranges with a red-green shading.

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Common variable Immune Deficiency
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Common variable Immune Deficiency (CVID) is a condition which causes damage to the immune system.

People with the hidden illness are more likely to develop infections in the ears, lungs and sinuses.

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compartment syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A painful and potential serious condition which is caused by swelling or bleeding trapped inside a group of muscles, known as a muscle compartment.

There are two types of compartment syndrome, acute – which occurs quickly after an injury and needs to be treated immediately or it could lead to permanent muscle damage, and chronic - which occurs over a period of time, doesn’t lead to permanent damage and usually disappears within minutes after the injury.

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complex post traumatic stress disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Complex post-traumatic stress disorder (complex PTSD, sometimes abbreviated to c-PTSD or CPTSD) is a condition where you experience some symptoms of PTSD along with some additional symptoms, such as: difficulty controlling your emotions. feeling very angry or distrustful towards the world.

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complex regional pain syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The condition is a debilitating pain which is usually confined to one limb, although it can spread to other parts of the body.

Most cases are triggered by injury although the pain can be more severe and long-lasting than normal.

In some cases the skin can be so sensitive just a touch or a light bump can cause severe discomfort.

CRPS can gradually heal and go away altogether, but some patients may be affected with the condition over a period of years.

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concussion
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Concussion can be a mild to severe head injury which can cause dizziness, nausea, memory loss, loss of balance, vision impairment, feeling stunned and confused. In most cases memory loss is restored within a few hours although it’s strongly advised to seek medical advice after any head injury.

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