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spina bifida

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spina bifida
Glossaries - Disabilities
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An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Spina Bifida forms when the spine doesn’t develop properly, this process is called “neural tube defect”. The condition leaves a gap in the spine because the arches of bone, which surround the spinal canal, are unable to close properly. In more severe cases the spinal cord is also affected. The skin which forms over the bony arch in the spine can stay intact, but can also be undeveloped – leaving another gap.

The cause of spina bifida is unknown, although experts believe a lack of folic acid during pregnancy can put a child at risk of developing the condition.

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