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Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
Tachycardia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Tachycardia is the name given to a rapid heartbeat faster than the average 60 -100 bpm. People living with the condition experience faster pumps in the upper or lower chambers of their heart. In some cases the condition doesn’t cause any fuss, although in more serious cases it can increase the risks of cardiac arrest, strokes and even death.

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Tendinopathy
Glossaries - Disabilities
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An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Tendon injuries usually occur where the tendon joins the muscle, mid-tendon or where the tendon goes into the bone.

Most injures affect the ankle, knee or the shoulders and can be caused by wear and tear but they are also common in the elderly.

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tetraplegia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A term which relates to people who have lost the use of all their limps and torso as a result of a serious injury or illness.

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thrombosis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot situated inside a blood vessel.

The clot obstructs blood travelling to the circulatory system.

Causes include surgery, certain medications, limited movement and an injury to the vein. If it isn’t treated thrombosis can be fatal

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Tinnitus
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Opposed to not being able to hear sounds around you, tinnitus is the complete opposite – hearing sound coming from inside the body. Unwanted noises such as , buzzing, whistling, hissing, humming and grinding can be just an irritation, although in some more serious cases it can affect sleeping patterns, concentration and depression. The condition can improve over a period of time.

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Tourettes
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A neurological condition which affects the brain and nervous system which triggers involuntary movements and noises known as tics.

The condition usually starts in childhood and can be heredity.

Tics can be vocal in the form of shouting, coughing or grunting or physical – jumping, shaking of the head…

The cause of Tourette’s is unknown although experts believe the condition is linked to the basal ganglia which controls the body movements.

Tourette’s was named after the French doctor who discovered the illness…George Gilles de la Tourette.

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Synonyms - tourette's
toxic shock syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A life-threatening bacterial infection caused by Streptococcus bacteria which can live in the nose or mouth and on the skin.

The bacteria can attack the skin and vital organ functions if it sreaches the bloodstream where it releases poisonous toxins.

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transabled
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

WTF?

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Transverse Myelitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare neurological disorder which attacks the central nervous system inflaming the spine. The condition can occur in isolation or it can be connected with a secondary illness such as a bacterial infection.

Transverse Myelitis can be acute or slow developing. One out of three people living with the condition can experience a flu-like illness.

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Transverse Myelitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A disorder caused by inflammation of the spinal cord which interrupts messages throughout the body causing bladder/ bowel dysfunction, muscle weakness, sensory problems, paralysis and pain.

The condition usually affects both sides of the body, although in some cases just one.

Symptoms usually develop over a few hours or days and can progress over several weeks.

Tranverse Myelitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Inflation of both sides to the spinal cord which interrupts messages which are sent throughout the body from the nerves.

People with the condition can experience sensory problems, muscle weakness, pain, paralysis and bladder & bowel dysfunction.

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Treacher Collins Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which affects growth of the bones and tissues in the face which can cause slanted eyes, limited eyelashes, underdeveloped ears and can lead to hearing loss.

Treacher Collins syndrome affects about one in 50,000 people.

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Trisomy 9 mosaic
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare chromosomal condition where the entire eighth chromosome, known as trisomy, appears three times instead of twice

There are three types of Trisomy 9, Full trisomy 9: All of the cells in the baby's body and placenta have three copies of chromosome 9.Partial trisomy 9: There are two full copies of the ninth chromosome plus an additional partial copy.Mosaic trisomy 9: Trisomy is present in some of the body's cells while other cells have a normal set of chromosomes.

Symptoms include characteristic facial appearance, vision loss, dislocated joints, underdeveloped genitalia, kidney cysts, feeding and breathing difficulties, short stature and development delays.

In most cases, trisomy 9 appears to occur randomly rather than as a result of specific, identified risk factors.

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Tubercular meningitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An infection of the tissues which layer the brain and spinal cord caused by a form of bacteria known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

The bacteria can spread to the brain and the spine from other parts of the body.

Those with the illness stand a greater chance of developing HIV and AIDS as well as Pulmonary tuberculosis – a bacterial infection which affects the lung.

Symptoms of Tubercular meningitis include fevers, tiredness, vomiting, headaches, sensitivity to light and a change of mental status.

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Tuberculosis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A bacterial infection which is spread by inhaling small droplets from coughs and sneezes from an infected person.

Tuberculosis usually affects the lungs but can affect the tummy, bones, glands and the nervous system.

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