Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
SED
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia congenita (SEDc) is a rare genetic disorder that results in short stature and skeletal anomalies that primarily affect the spine and long bones of the arms and legs. A form of dwarfism, children with SEDc often have vision and hearing issues.

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Seizures
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A seizure is a burst of uncontrolled electrical activity between brain cells (also called neurons or nerve cells) that causes temporary abnormalities in muscle tone or movements (stiffness, twitching or limpness), behaviours, sensations or states of awareness. Seizures are not all alike.

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selective mutism
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

People with selective mutism find it difficult to speak to others in certain social situations, for example – relatives they don’t see very often.

The condition usually starts in childhood but can continue into adulthood if left untreated. Most people with selective mutism can hold a standard conversation with others if there is no one else around to trigger a frozen response.

Selective mutism affects about 1 in 140 children.

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Self-Harm
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Self-Harm is a way of expressing emotional distress. Figures show over 50% of suicide cases are by those who self-harmed. Another reason why a person self-harms is because they may feel they should be punished.

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sensory processing disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which confuses messages from the brain in response to information being received from the senses.

A percentage of people with the condition are oversensitive to sounds in the environment and a light touch may harm the skin.

Their coordination may also be disrupted and they may have problems communicating with other people.

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Sepsis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Septicaemia or ‘Sepsis’ is a potential life-threatening illness which pushes the body’s immune system into overdrive which can trigger swelling, blood clotting and inflammation. This can decrease the blood pressure meaning the brain, kidneys and heart could shut down. A Hundred thousand people in the UK are treated with the condition and 37,000 will die from the illness.

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Sept-optic dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare condition when a child is diagnosed with at least two of the following conditions: optic nerve hypoplasia (underdevelopment of the optic nerves), midline brain abnormalities and pituitary gland abnormalities.

One in 10,000 are born with the disability which can affect both boys and girls.

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septicaemia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Septicaemia is another term used to describe blood poisoning. The infection is caused by large amounts of bacteria entering the bloodstream. It is a potentially life-threatening infection that affects thousands of patients every year.

It is often a result of another infection in the body. Bacteria from that infection can enter the bloodstream and spread throughout the body.

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septo-optic dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Septo-optic dysplasia is the term given when a child is diagnosed with two or more of the following… optic nerve hypoplasia, midline brain abnormalities and pituitary gland abnormalities

The condition affects about 1 in 10,000 babies.

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septo-optic dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Septo-optic dysplasia, previously known as Morsier syndrome, is when a child has two or more of the following conditions, optic nerve hypoplasia [underdevelopment of the optic nerves], midline brain abnormalities [when a child is expected not to develop properly at the expected age] and pituitary gland abnormalities [when the pituitary gland is too active or not active enough]

The condition affects around 1 in 10,000 births.

severely sight impaired
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Open your eyes to the amount of people in the UK living with vision loss and you will discover almost 2 million individuals living with the condition, 360,000 of them are registered blind. There are different stages of vision loss…Sight impaired and severely sight impaired, the latter was commonly referred to as ‘blind’.

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sinusitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common illness, usually triggered by a viral infection which usually inflames the sinuses.

Sinuses produce mucus which are drained into the nose from small channels, when these are blocked the sinus linings become swollen.

Symptoms include a blocked nose, high temperature, pain around the cheeks, toothache, green or yellow discharge from the nose and bad breath. Most of these symptoms are common when you’re suffering from a cold, but if they persist they could be signs of sinusitis.

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Situs inversus with levocardia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The normal arrangement of organs inside the body is called situs inversus.

When the layout is completely reversed the term is referred to as situs inversus with levocardia which can lead to serious heart problems.

Situs inversus with levocardia is a rare condition which occurs in about 1 of every 22,000 births.

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Sjogrens
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Sjögren’s syndrome is caused when the immune system attacks secrete fluids such as the tear and saliva glands which can lead to dryness in the eyes and the mouth.

Women usually develop the illness and can experience vaginal dryness. It’s an autoimmune disorder – in other words instead of protecting the body the condition attacks health cells and tissues.

The condition can be either Primary – developing on its own accord or Secondary – developing because of another autoimmune disorder, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lumps.

Sjögrens usually affects those aged between 40 and 60, 90% of the cases are women. There’s a small chance – 5% - those will the illness will go to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma (cancer of the lymph glands.)

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skeletal dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The medical term for dwarfism which includes numerous conditions which can affect a child’s bone and cartilage growth.

A child born with the condition will have smaller legs, arms, trunk or skull compared to others and limbs such as the arms and legs may not in proportion with the rest of the body.

Skeletal dysplasia is a genetic condition.

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