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Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
Sepsis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Septicaemia or ‘Sepsis’ is a potential life-threatening illness which pushes the body’s immune system into overdrive which can trigger swelling, blood clotting and inflammation. This can decrease the blood pressure meaning the brain, kidneys and heart could shut down. A Hundred thousand people in the UK are treated with the condition and 37,000 will die from the illness.

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Sept-optic dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
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An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare condition when a child is diagnosed with at least two of the following conditions: optic nerve hypoplasia (underdevelopment of the optic nerves), midline brain abnormalities and pituitary gland abnormalities.

One in 10,000 are born with the disability which can affect both boys and girls.

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septo-optic dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Septo-optic dysplasia is the term given when a child is diagnosed with two or more of the following… optic nerve hypoplasia, midline brain abnormalities and pituitary gland abnormalities

The condition affects about 1 in 10,000 babies.

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septo-optic dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Septo-optic dysplasia, previously known as Morsier syndrome, is when a child has two or more of the following conditions, optic nerve hypoplasia [underdevelopment of the optic nerves], midline brain abnormalities [when a child is expected not to develop properly at the expected age] and pituitary gland abnormalities [when the pituitary gland is too active or not active enough]

The condition affects around 1 in 10,000 births.

severely sight impaired
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Open your eyes to the amount of people in the UK living with vision loss and you will discover almost 2 million individuals living with the condition, 360,000 of them are registered blind. There are different stages of vision loss…Sight impaired and severely sight impaired, the latter was commonly referred to as ‘blind’.

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sinusitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
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An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common illness, usually triggered by a viral infection which usually inflames the sinuses.

Sinuses produce mucus which are drained into the nose from small channels, when these are blocked the sinus linings become swollen.

Symptoms include a blocked nose, high temperature, pain around the cheeks, toothache, green or yellow discharge from the nose and bad breath. Most of these symptoms are common when you’re suffering from a cold, but if they persist they could be signs of sinusitis.

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Situs inversus with levocardia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The normal arrangement of organs inside the body is called situs inversus.

When the layout is completely reversed the term is referred to as situs inversus with levocardia which can lead to serious heart problems.

Situs inversus with levocardia is a rare condition which occurs in about 1 of every 22,000 births.

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Sjogrens
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Sjögren’s syndrome is caused when the immune system attacks secrete fluids such as the tear and saliva glands which can lead to dryness in the eyes and the mouth.

Women usually develop the illness and can experience vaginal dryness. It’s an autoimmune disorder – in other words instead of protecting the body the condition attacks health cells and tissues.

The condition can be either Primary – developing on its own accord or Secondary – developing because of another autoimmune disorder, such as rheumatoid arthritis or lumps.

Sjögrens usually affects those aged between 40 and 60, 90% of the cases are women. There’s a small chance – 5% - those will the illness will go to develop non-Hodgkin lymphoma (cancer of the lymph glands.)

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skeletal dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The medical term for dwarfism which includes numerous conditions which can affect a child’s bone and cartilage growth.

A child born with the condition will have smaller legs, arms, trunk or skull compared to others and limbs such as the arms and legs may not in proportion with the rest of the body.

Skeletal dysplasia is a genetic condition.

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sleep apnea
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common condition where you have one or more pauses in breathing during your sleep which can occur more than thirty times per hour.

The disorder can disrupt your sleep patterns.

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sleep apnoea
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common condition, also known as Obstructive sleep apnoea which relaxes the walls of the throat when the patient is sleeping making it difficult to breathe which dramatically affects sleep patterns.

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sleep paralysis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A temporary inability to move or speak when you are waking up or falling asleep.

Most of us will experience sleep paralysis once or twice in our lifetime, but for some people the symptom can be recurring on a regular basis – For e.g. every couple of weeks.

The condition is more common in teenagers and young adults.

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Spasmodic Dysphonia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as laryngeal dystonia, the condition affects the voice by making it go into spasms. People with Spasmodic Dysphonia may talk with interruptions, gaps in their sentences and have a severe speech impediment.

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spastic diplegia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as Little’s disease, spastic diplegia is a form of cerebral palsy which triggers a tightness or stiffness in the muscles of the lower parts of the body, usually in the legs.

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spastic paraplegia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A general term for a group of rare disorders which cause stiffness and weakness in the leg muscles.

Symptoms include weakness in the legs, increased muscle tone and stiffness, lack of sensation in the feet and urinary problems.

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