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Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
obesity
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A term which describes somebody who is extremely overweight. One in five children across the UK aged 10 to 11 and one in every five adults are obese.

To find out if you are obese, work out your body mass index (BMI)…

A BMI of 25 – 29.9 means you’re overweight.

A BMI of 30 – 39.9 means you’re obese.

A BMI over 40 means you’re severely obese.

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OCD
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental health condition which can cause feelings of anxiety and unsettlement. People with OCD usually have a repetitive pattern which urges them to carry out a lengthy process until they can feel at ease. One of the most common is having to check all their windows and doors are locked several times before they leave the house.

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ocular albinism
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A genetic inherited condition which affects the eyes reducing the colouring (pigmentation) of the iris which is essential for normal vision.

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oculo-auriculo-fronto-nasal syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare condition which causes a malformation of the midface.

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Ohtahara Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An uncommon form of epilepsy which causes seizures and development delay.

The condition affects infants within their first three months, normally the first 10 days, in the form of epileptic seizures.

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Omphalopagus
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The term given to two bodies fused at the lower abdomen.

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Oppositional Defiant Disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

People diagnosed with Oppositional Defiant Disorder live with severe disruptive behaviour. Symptoms include blaming others for their mistakes, throwing tantrums, deliberately upsetting others, swearing and saying hurtful words to others.

Most people with ODD have a low self-esteem.

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Orthorexia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A fixation on eating healthy food which can have underlying motivations such as low self-esteem, escaping from anxiety, a need for complete control and an excessive need to lose weight.

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Osteoarthritis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The most common form of arthritis in the UK. The severity of the condition varies from person to person. In some cases the pain and stiffness can come and go although in others the distress can be more continuous. Osteoarthritis usually affects the hips, knees and hand joints.

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osteogenesis imperfecta
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Osteogenesis imperfecta – Also known as OI – is a genetic condition which causes the bones to easily break. The condition can vary from mild (just a few bones are affected) to severe (several hundred fractures is a lifetime)

1 in 15,000 people in the UK are diagnosed with OI.

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Osteoporosis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A bone disease that occurs when the body does not make enough bone, loses too much bone or in some cases, both.

The condition weakens the bone which may break after a fall, minor bumps or, in serious cases, sneezing.

Osteoporosis means “porous bone”.

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