Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
Lupus
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Lupus can range from a condition which just affects the skin to a life-threatening illness known as systemic cutaneous erythematosus (SLE) that attacks the joints, internal organs as well as the skin. The latter affects 15,000 people across England and Wales causing fatigue, joint pain, swelling and rashes. Almost 90% of patients who are diagnosed with the illness are women. Lupus mistakenly attacks body tissues and healthy cells.

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lupus
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A complex condition which affects different parts of the body. In mild cases the illness can just affect the skin, although in severe cases lupus can affect most of the body including the skin, joints and internal organs – which can be life threatening.

Symptoms include a sudden flare-up on the affected areas and can impact the quality of life.

Lyme disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection spread to humans by tiny spider-like creatures called ticks.

There are between 2,000 – 3,000 new cases of Lyme disease (also known as Lyme borreliosis) in the UK and Wales every year.

If the condition isn’t treated in its early stages it can lead to symptoms such as heart problems, pain and swelling in the joints, problems in the nervous system and inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

In some cases Lyme disease can go on to develop fibromyalgia (a long-term illness which causes pain all over the body) and chronic fatigue syndrome.

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lymphedema
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The term given for build-up of fluid in soft tissues when the lymph system is damaged or blocked up.

There are two types of the illness, primary lymphedema – caused by abnormal development of the lymph system and secondary lymphedema caused by damage of the lymph system as a result of injury, cancer, therapy, removal of lymph nodes, radiation or surgery.

Lymphedema can lead to swelling of the arms and legs as well as affecting other parts of the body.

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