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An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Term Main definition
learning disabilities
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Learning disabilities can affect how a person understands new or complicated situations, live an independent lifestyle and/or adapt to new skills. Around 1.5m people across the UK have some form of learning disability and 350,000 cope with a severe form of the condition. A learning disability can range from being mild, moderate or severe.

learning disability
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An intellectual reduced ability which can affect somebody for their whole life as they cope with everyday tasks such as communication skills, managing finances and household chores. People with a learning disability may need support full-time care depending on how severe their condition is. Causes can be related to complications at birth, such as being starved of oxygen and damage to the central nervous system or a childhood illness.

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Lennox Gastaut
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A form of epilepsy which affects 1 and 5 of every 100 children who suffer seizures.

Lennox-Gastaut syndrome is difficult to treat and known as an ‘epileptic and developmental encephalopathy’ because the epileptic seizures and the abnormal EEG (electroencephalogram - a test used to find problems related to electrical activity of the brain.) are thought to be important in these children’s’ developmental delay and learning difficulties.

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leprosy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A mild infectious disease which starts by damaging the skin’s nerves which results in a loss of sensation.

If a burn or ulcer is not treated the condition can cause a permanent disability.

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Lesch Nyhan syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An inherited illness which affects how the body builds and breaks down parts of the human tissue which form the body genetic blueprint – called Purines.

The disease, which usually affects boys, builds up high levels of acid in the body which can form bladder and kidney stones.

People with Lesch Nyhan experience involuntary movements and in most cases self-destructive behaviour.

Most patients have difficulty walking and sitting and rely on using a wheelchair.

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Lewy body dementia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as Dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) the condition gradually deteriorates over several years and usually affects people aged 65 or over.

Symptoms include problems with understanding, memory, thinking and judgement – hallucinations – unsteadiness, fainting and falling over – disturbed sleep with violent movements and shouting out – confusion and slow movement.

The average survival rate is around 6-12 years, but some people live for much longer.

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Lipoedema
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An abnormal build-up of fat in the legs which can, in some cases, affect the arms too.

Lipoedema usually affects both side of the body in equal measures and can be painful affecting daily life.

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lissencephaly
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare and sometimes severe condition when a baby’s brain doesn’t fold properly. Some baby’s with lissencephaly may be born with an abnormally small sized head. The condition may cause numerous symptoms including muscle spasms, difficulty swallowing, seizures and intellectual impairment.

Lissencephaly can also cause malformation in the toes, hands or fingers.

Children with severe lissencephaly may have a life expectancy of about ten years.

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LMNA Congenital MD
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition connected to congenital muscular dystrophy which usually affects muscle movements from a young age and causes wasting of the muscles.

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Locked in syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which is usually triggered by a stroke that causes damage to part of the brain which makes the muscles and parts of the body paralysed although the person remains conscious and, in most cases, only able to perform eye movements independently.

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Lumbosacral Agenesis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An uncommon condition characterized by absence of different segments of lumbar spine along with total or partial absence of the sacrum.

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Lupus
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Lupus can range from a condition which just affects the skin to a life-threatening illness known as systemic cutaneous erythematosus (SLE) that attacks the joints, internal organs as well as the skin. The latter affects 15,000 people across England and Wales causing fatigue, joint pain, swelling and rashes. Almost 90% of patients who are diagnosed with the illness are women. Lupus mistakenly attacks body tissues and healthy cells.

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lupus
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A complex condition which affects different parts of the body. In mild cases the illness can just affect the skin, although in severe cases lupus can affect most of the body including the skin, joints and internal organs – which can be life threatening.

Symptoms include a sudden flare-up on the affected areas and can impact the quality of life.

Lyme disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection spread to humans by tiny spider-like creatures called ticks.

There are between 2,000 – 3,000 new cases of Lyme disease (also known as Lyme borreliosis) in the UK and Wales every year.

If the condition isn’t treated in its early stages it can lead to symptoms such as heart problems, pain and swelling in the joints, problems in the nervous system and inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord.

In some cases Lyme disease can go on to develop fibromyalgia (a long-term illness which causes pain all over the body) and chronic fatigue syndrome.

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lymphedema
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The term given for build-up of fluid in soft tissues when the lymph system is damaged or blocked up.

There are two types of the illness, primary lymphedema – caused by abnormal development of the lymph system and secondary lymphedema caused by damage of the lymph system as a result of injury, cancer, therapy, removal of lymph nodes, radiation or surgery.

Lymphedema can lead to swelling of the arms and legs as well as affecting other parts of the body.

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