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Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
IBS
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Irritable bowel syndrome can cause symptoms such as bloating, diarrhoea, constipation and stomach cramps which can last for days, weeks or months at a time.

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idic15
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare chromosomal disorder which can trigger seizures, hypotonia (a state of low muscle tone) and developmental delay.

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idiopathic ketotic hypoglycaemia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Idiopathic ketotic hypoglycaemia is the most common cause of hypoglycaemia [a condition in which your blood sugar level is lower than normal] in non-diabetic children aged between 0.5 and 6 years which usually develops after a period of poor intake.

Symptoms include sluggishness, fatigue, irritability, shakiness, becoming unconscious or seizures.

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idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A lung disorder which is caused by high blood pressure in the pulmonary arteries.

Symptoms of IPAH can include tiredness, chest pain, shortness of breath, dizziness, fatigue, fainting and heart palpitations.

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Imposter syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A psychological condition which makes someone question their abilities and believing they are a fraud.

It’s thought around 70% of people experience imposter syndrome at some point in their lives.

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Impulse control disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which makes it difficult for a person to control their emotions or behaviours.

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Inclusion Body Myositis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A progressive muscle disorder which causes muscle inflammation and weakness which usually develops in adulthood around the age of 50.

The condition was recognised in the 1960s and is more common in men compared to women.

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incontinentia pigmenti
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare condition that can affect many body systems, especially the skin which evolves throughout childhood and young adulthood.

Incontinentia pigmenti is more common in females than males.

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Inflammatory Bowel Disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) affects 1 in 250 people in the UK.

Symptoms include tiredness, swelling of the stomach, weight loss and diarrhoea although the condition can be cured.

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Insomnia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The inability to sleep properly. People with insomnia may wake up regularly throughout the night, lie awake all night, have difficulty going back to sleep after waking up, find it hard to take naps and struggle concentrating in the day as a result of a lack of sleep.

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Intoeing
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

When someone who has intoeing walks or runs their feet turn inwards instead of pointing forward. The condition, which affects children, is usually picked up by parents or guardians when a child starts walking although they can develop symptoms at a later date. Another name for intoeing is “pigeon-toed”.

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IVDD
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) is a degenerative condition which affects dogs which effects the spinal cord. The condition can develop extremely quickly, sometimes overnight, and ranges from mild to very serious.

The condition is caused when the discs between the vertebrae of the spinal column start to harden.

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IX glycogen storage disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

IX glycogen storage disease, also known as GSD IX, is a condition caused by the inability to break down the complex sugar, glycogen which can disable the normal functions of the affected tissue.

The rare condition can lead to an enlarged liver, slow growth, motor development delay, low blood sugar levels and a lack of muscle tone.

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