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Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
GAD
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Generalised anxiety disorder is a term which relates to feeling of unease, worry or even fear.

The long-term condition causes people to feel anxious about a number of situations instead of just one and if most cases catastrophize an incident thinking about the worst case scenario.

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Gaucher
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition built up of fatty substances which can make organs enlarged such as the spleen and the liver.

The substances can build up in bone tissue which weakens the bone and increases the risk of fractures.

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gender dysphoria
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

When a person becomes distressed because they have been born into the wrong biological body.

People with gender dysphoria have a mismatch between their biological sex and gender identity.

The condition is also known as gender incongruence, gender identity disorder (GID) or transgenderism.

Despite controversial views Gender Dysphoria is not a mental illness.

generalised dystonia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare form of dystonia which usually forms in the limb before spreading to other areas causing symptoms such as muscle spasm, twisted postures of the limbs or trunk, rapid jerking movements, the turning in of the foot/leg/arm and difficulty walking.

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Gestational Diabetes
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Gestational diabetes affects pregnant women when there is too much glucose in the blood. Usually blood levels are controlled by insulin, but when a women is expecting they can produce higher amounts of glucose which is difficult to keep at a stable level. Women with gestational diabetes are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes, this occurs when the body is unable to produce a sufficient amount of insulin.

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Glandular Fever
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also referred to as infectious mononucleosis Glandular fever is usually found in young adults. It’s a pretty nasty illness which brings on high temperatures, swollen neck glands, sore throats and extreme tiredness – fortunately most of the symptoms only last for a few weeks although the fatigue can drag on over a period of months.

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Glaucoma
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Glaucoma can affect somebodies sight, usually when the eye has a build-up of pressure behind it. The condition, in most cases, attacks both eyes. There are four main types of Glaucoma…chronic open-angle glaucoma – the most common form which develops at a slow pace. Primary angle-closure glaucoma – A rare form of the illness which can be painful and develop slowly. Secondary glaucoma – Usually triggered by another eye condition or injury and developmental glaucoma – Another rare, but potentially dangerous type of Glaucoma commonly found in young children.

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Global Development Delay
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The term Global Development Delay is used when a child takes longer to learn milestones such as walking, talking, movement skills, social interaction and understanding new things.

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global developmental delay
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A general term which describes a condition which occurs during the developmental stages of a child before they reach adulthood.

The term, also known as GDD, is usually linked to children who have a low intellectual level.

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global learning delay
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An umbrella term used when children are significantly delayed in their cognitive and physical development.

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glycogen storage disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as GSD or von Grierke disease the condition is a build-up of complex sugar called glycogen in specific organs including the liver, kidneys and small intestines.

Symptoms such as sleeping through the night and lack at appetite usually show signs at 3-4 months.

Throughout childhood patients develop thin arms and a short stature. Their liver and kidneys may become enlarged.

There are about eleven known types of GSD.

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Goldenhar syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An umbrella term for a range of bone abnormalities which affect the face and in some cases the vertebrae.

Common problems include missing parts to the ears, the mouth opening larger at one side, missing parts of the eyes, breathing difficulties, feeding problems, problems with the kidneys, cleft lip and palate and skin tags.

The condition was identified in 1952 by Dr. Maurice Goldenhar who wrote a number of articles about facial problems.

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Graves disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An autoimmune disorder which can lead to hyperthyroidism or overactive thyroid by attacking the thyroid which makes the body produce more thyroid hormone which it actually needs.

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Guillain Barre syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Guillain-Barré syndrome can develop very quickly over a few hours. Initial symptoms include a sore throat, a cold or an infection of the stomach and large intestine known as gastroenteritis.

Symptoms usually start in the feet and hands before spreading to the arms and legs resulting to pains, numbness, co-ordination problems and progressive muscle weakness.

In severe cases the condition can affect eye sight problems, speech impediments, difficulty chewing or swallowing, temporary paralysis of legs, face, arms and respiratory muscles, bladder problems and irregular heart rates or blood pressure levels.

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Synonyms - Gillain Barre syndrome
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