Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
facial dysplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Facial dysplasia is an abnormal development which affects the size and shape of the face and the organisation of adult cells.

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facial palsy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The term facial palsy generally refers to weakness of the facial muscles, mainly resulting from temporary or permanent damage to the facial nerve.

When a facial nerve is either non-functioning or missing, the muscles in the face do not receive the necessary signals in order to function properly. This results in paralysis of the affected part of the face, which can affect movement of the eye(s) and/or the mouth, as well as other areas.

There are different degrees of facial paralysis: sometimes only the lower half of the face is affected, sometimes one whole side of the face is affected and in some cases both sides of the face are affected

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Fanconi Anemia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which affects numerous parts of the body which can cause bone marrow failure, organ defects, physical abnormalities and increase the risk of developing various types of cancers.

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Ferredoxin Reductase
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Ferredoxin Reductase, also known as FXDR, is a Protein Coding gene. Conditions associated with FDXR include Auditory Neuropathy [a rare type of hearing loss] Optic Atrophy [which affects the optic nerve] and Optic Atrophy-Ataxia-Peripheral Neuropathy-Global Developmental Delay Syndrome

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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

If a pregnant mother drinks too much she can carry the risk of causing mental and physical damage to her unborn child because the alcohol may cause damage to the baby’s brain cells, spinal cord and other parts of the body whilst developing in the womb.

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FFU Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Femur fibula ulna (FFU) syndrome is a rare congenital non-lethal anomaly which is classically characterised by unilateral limb defects of the femur and fibula of one limb followed by a contralateral defect in the ulna.

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fibromyalgia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A long-term illness which can cause pain all over the body.

Those living with the condition can experience difficulty sleeping, headaches, irritable bowel syndrome, fatigue, memory and concentration problems and increased sensitively to pain.

Despite the cause of the illness being unknown medical studies show the condition could be related to abnormal levels of specific chemicals found in the brain.

Those going through stressful events such as undergoing an operation, break-up, giving birth or grief could be prone to the illness.

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fibular hemimelia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Babies with fibular hemimelia are born with a short or missing bones of the lower leg known as the fibula.

The condition usually only affects one leg, but in some cases it can affect both and can lead to surgery or amputation in severe circumstances.

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FND
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

FND, Functional neurological disorder, is a condition which affects the functioning of the nervous system which sends messages from the brain to other parts of the body.

Symptoms include hearing loss, difficulty concentrating and/or swallowing, impaired movement, fatigue, lack of senses, lack of responsiveness and lack of balance.

FND does not affect the structure of the brain, just the way it operates.

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foetal alcohol spectrum disorders
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) are a group of conditions that can occur in a person who was exposed to alcohol before birth. These effects can include physical problems and problems with behaviour and learning. Often, a person with an FASD has a mix of these problems

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foetal valproate spectrum disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Fetal valproate syndrome (FVS) is a rare condition that is caused by exposure of the unborn baby to valproic acid or sodium valproate (VPA) during the first three months of pregnancy (the first trimester). VPA is a medication used to treat certain types of seizures (epilepsy), bipolar disorder and migraines. Although many babies exposed to VPA are born healthy, a small percentage of pregnant women who take this medication can have a baby born with FVS. The exact prevalence of this condition remains to be established. Symptoms of this condition may include neural tube defects such as spina bifida, distinctive facial features, congenital heart defects and other musculoskeletal abnormalities.

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Food intolerance
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Food Intolerance shouldn’t be confused as food allergies. The condition does not attack the immune system (like an allergy) but can cause digestive problems after certain food, such as dairy products and grains which include gluten are consumed.

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FOXG1
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which impairs development and structure to the brain causing abnormalities.

Babies born with FOXG1 are small at birth with their heads growing slower than normal which leads to a small head size in their first few years.

Those with the condition may suffer seizures, lack of speech and the inability to control their body movements.

The disability is caused by a mutation of the FOXG1 gene, hence the name.

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Freeman-Sheldon Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which usually affects the face, hands and feet. People with Freeman-Sheldon Syndrome have a small mouth with pursed lips which is why the disability was once known as Whistling Face syndrome.

Freeman-Sheldon Syndrome is caused by a change to the MTH3 gene which can, in some cases, be passed on by the parent to the child.

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Freidrich’s ataxia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Friedreich's ataxia is an inherited disorder that affects some of the body's nerves. It is caused by a gene defect that is inherited from both parents. Symptoms often begin in late childhood and can include trouble walking, fatigue, changes in sensation, and slowed speech. These tend to get worse over time.

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