Menu

Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)

Glossaries

Term Main definition
cardio vascular disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A general term which describes heart disease which is a result of a blood clot or the artery’s being clogged up with fatty deposits – known as atherosclerosis.

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) falls into four categories…

Stroke

Peripheral arterial disease

Aortic disease

Coronary heart disease

Hits - 219
cardiovascular disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Cardiovascular disease, also known as CVD, is the collective name given to diseases which involve blood vessels or the heart.

Examples of CVD include coronary artery diseases such as anginas and heart attacks.

Hits - 78
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Carpal tunnel syndrome, also known as CTS is a nerve on the wrist which causes numbness, tingling and pain in the hand and fingers.

Symptoms include pins and needles, numb hands, difficulty gripping and aches in the fingers, arm or hand.

The condition could clean up within a few months.

Hits - 79
cartilage hair hypoplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

People with cartilage hair hypoplasia are born with a short stature and small limbs, known as dwarfism.

Those with CHH also have very fine and sparse hair and an abnormal cartilage. In some cases the condition affects their immune system leaving them open to infections which can cause a severe course of chicken pox.

The condition can also affect white blood cells which can cause anaemia.

Hits - 186
cataplexy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

The term given to the sudden weakness of muscles triggered by emotions such as anger, laughter and surprise.

Seizures usually last for a couple of minutes or seconds but in extreme cases they can carry on for up to half an hour.

Statistics suggest about 75% of people with narcolepsy experience cataplexy.

Hits - 316
Cataracts
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Cataracts occurs when the eye lens develop cloudy patches which can enlarge over time causing misty vision and blindness.

The condition usually affects both eyes although the deteriorating may be quicker in one eye compared to the other.

Hits - 156
cauda equine syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition, also known as CES, which occurs when the nerves below the end of the spinal cord – known as the cauda equine - are damaged.

Symptoms include numbness around the anus, loss of bladder or bowel control as well as pain in down the leg and around the lower back.

Hits - 128
caudal regression syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare congenital disorder which causes an abnormality of the lower spine known as the “caudal” half which contains parts of the bones which form the tailbone, legs, hips and a number of organs in the lower body.

The condition affects around one in 25,000 babies.

Hits - 93
Centralised Sensitivity Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A neurological condition caused by damage to the Central Nervous System which can spread pain around the whole body or a specific area.

The pain can intensify by movement, emotions, temperature changes and physical contact.

Symptoms can include a burning sensation and in some cases aching and excruciating pain.

Hits - 163
Cerebellar hypoplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A non-human neurological condition where the cerebellum is underdeveloped or smaller than usual in animals.

Also known as ‘wobbly animal syndrome’

Hits - 115
cerebellar hypoplasia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Cerebellar hypoplasia is a neurological condition in which the cerebellum is smaller than usual or not completely developed

The condition has been reported in a wide range of animals.

In cats, this condition is also called "Wobbly Cat Syndrome."

Cerebellum Ataxia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Cerebellum Ataxia is a result from damage to the part of the brain and can affect walking, loss of balance, co-ordination, speech impairments and erratic eye movements.

Ataxia is usually cerebellum although in some cases it can affect the nerves and spinal cord.

Hits - 210
Cerebral Palsy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

CP is the general term for neurological conditions, caused by the brain and the nervous system, which affects co-ordination and movement.

Cerebral Palsy is caused by abnormal brain developments leading from a difficult or premature birth, changes in the genres which affect brain developments, bleeding from inside the baby’s brain or an infection caught during pregnancy.

In a small percentage of cases people with CP may have communication and learning difficulties although most are only affected with physical difficulties which can include seizures, drooling, walking and speaking.

Statistics show around 1 in 400 people are living with Cerebral Palsy in the UK.

Hits - 576
charcot foot
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which weakens the bones in the foot. The bones deteriorate over time and the shape of the foot gradually changes as the joints eventually collapse.

Charcot foot can lead to a severely disability and in some cases amputation may be required.

Hits - 208
Charcot Marie Tooth
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Charcot Marie Tooth (CMT) is a collection of inherited condition which cause damage to the peripheral nerves which control the main central nervous system.

It is a progressive condition.

People with CMT may have trouble walking, flat feet, muscle weakness in their hands, legs, ankles and feet as well as numbness in the hands, arms and feet.

Symptoms usually appear between the ages of 5 and i5, although in some cases they can start to appear in middle age or later.

Hits - 120
comments powered by Disqus