Menu

Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Search for glossary terms (regular expression allowed)

Glossaries

Term Main definition
b12 deficiency
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

B12 deficiency is caused by a lack of oxygen.

Symptoms include weak muscles, numbness, trouble walking, nausea, weight loss, irritability, fatigue, and increased heart rate.

The condition can be treated by  vitamin B12 supplements.

 

Hits - 74
bacterial-meningitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An infection which can be extremely serious and can cause death within hours, but in most cases patients do recover.

The condition can lead to permanent disabilities such as hearing loss, brain damage and learning disabilities.

The illness usually affects young children, teenagers and the elderly.

Symptoms include headaches, a stiff neck and a fever.

Hits - 218
batten disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare and fatal condition which usually starts in childhood.

As the illness progresses the patient’s nervous system, movement disorders and co-ordination will drastically deteriorate.

People with batten disease will eventually become wheelchair-bound, bedridden and pass away prematurely.

Hits - 424
Becker muscular dystrophy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

An inherited condition that weakens and the skeletal and cardiac muscles. Becker muscular dystrophy (BMD) is more common in men and symptoms are likely to start between the ages of 5 and 15. The progressive condition can make it difficult to walk and people with BMD can have frequent falls due to a lack of balance. Over time a person with the condition is likely to require a wheelchair. In later life Becker muscular dystrophy prevents the heart pumping blood leading to a heart condition known as cardiomyopathy. People with BMD may live into their 40s or beyond.

Hits - 134
Bells Palsy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which temporary weakens or paralysis muscles on one side of the face.

Bell’s Palsy is the most common form of facial paralysis, but it can also be triggered by a stroke, injury to the facial nerve or an injury from surgery.

Hits - 413
Bile Acid Malabsorption
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common form of diarrhoea which is often found in people who have irritable bowel syndrome.

Hits - 360
bipolar
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Formally known as manic depression, people coping with Bipolar can experience irregular mood swings from one extreme to the other.

During these times they can feel highly overactive or very low and depressed. People with Bipolar are usually diagnosed with depression first, they will then experience manic episodes where they can feel very high before being told they are living with the condition.

It can be rare for a Bipolar patient to feel in a ‘normal state of mind’ on a regular basis.

Hits - 590
bladder exstrophy
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare condition which can affect both sexes which develops from inside the womb. The bladder grows inside out so when the baby is born urine can drip down onto the skin causing irritation.

Only one out of 20,000 babies are born with the condition and there is no known cure.

Hits - 357
Blepharitis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Blepharitis is the term for when the eyelids become inflamed. The condition usually affects both eyelids and commonly occurs when the small oil glands next to the eyelid’s edges become clogged which can cause redness and irritation.

Hits - 254
body dysmorphic disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as BDD body dysmorphic disorder is a mental health condition which makes people worried about any flaws they may have in their physical appearance.

The condition is more common in teenagers and young adults.

Hits - 367
body integrity identity disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A rare condition, also known as BIID, which makes a person to have the desire to have a disability by undergoing amputation or live with a discomfort which usually starts in childhood.

Hits - 305
borderline personality disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

People with Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) - also known as Emotionally unstable personality disorder (EUPD) - can experience bursts of anxiety, depression and episodes of anger which can last from a few hours to days.

A percentage of people with the condition also prone to self-harm, anxiety, eating disorders, mood swings and suicidal thoughts.

Hits - 477
bow legs
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A common condition in babies where they have a small gap between their knees and ankles.

If the gap doesn’t fix itself overtime you are advised to seek medical attention.

Hits - 241
Brain Haemorrhage
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A type of stroke caused by an artery in the brain splitting causing bleeding to surrounded tissues.

Hits - 419
Brain Injury
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

There are two common types of Brain Injuries. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) – The brain is damaged after an accident or a fall & Acquired Brain Injury (ABI) – When the brain is damaged since birth following a health issue such as a stroke, infection, haemorrhage or a medical accident.

Hits - 555
comments powered by Disqus