Glossary

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

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Glossaries

Term Main definition
apraxia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Apraxia can make it difficult to carry out certain motor movements, despite the muscles being normal.

The condition can occur in a number of different forms. Orofacial apraxia affects the facial movements, such as not being able to wick or lick the lips. Another form can affect the ability to move arms and legs.

Apraxia can also affect the speech making it difficult to control the mouth and tongue. There are two forms of apraxia of speech – acquired apraxia which can occur in people of all ages and childhood apraxia which is present at birth.

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Arthritis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Arthritis can affect anybody, at any age. In the UK around 10 million people live with the condition which causes pain and inflammation in the joints. There are two main types of arthritis…Osteoarthritis – The most common form which affects the smooth lining of the joint & Rheumatoid Arthritis – A result of the body’s immune system targeting affected joints leading to pain and swelling. The latter is usually found people aged between 40 and 50 and is three times more likely to affect women.

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Bulimia
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

People with Bulimia are usually unhappy with their physical appearance. To lose weight they binge out on food until they vomit in order to lose weight, another method involves taking laxatives. The eating disorder, which is also classed as a mental health condition, can be connected with depression, low self-esteem, self-harm and alcohol misuse.

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connective tissue disorder
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Your body is held together by tissues that connect all of the structures in your body. When you have a connective tissue disease, these connecting structures are negatively affected. Connective tissue diseases include autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma and lupus.

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gender dysphoria
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

When a person suffers stress and anxiety because there is a mismatch between their gender identity and their biological sex.

Also known as gender identity disorder (GID) the condition can appear at an early age – some children who know they have been born in the wrong body may refuse to wear standard clothes and participate in games suited to their biological sex

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juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of arthritis affecting children. It is a swelling of the joints that is characterised by heat and pain. Arthritis can be short-term, lasting just a few weeks or months and then disappearing - or it may be chronic and last for months, years or even a lifetime.

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Lance Adams disease
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Lance Adams syndrome, also known as Hypoxic myoclonus, is a rare syndrome that results from the serious brain damage caused by cerebral hypoxia that often follows cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

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learning disabilities
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Learning disabilities can affect how a person understands new or complicated situations, live an independent lifestyle and/or adapt to new skills. Around 1.5m people across the UK have some form of learning disability and 350,000 cope with a severe form of the condition. A learning disability can range from being mild, moderate or severe.

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Osteosarcoma
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Osteosarcoma is a type of bone cancer that begins in the cells that form bones, most often found in the long bones — more often the legs, but sometimes the arms — but it can start in any bone. In very rare instances, it occurs in soft tissue outside the bone.

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Parkinsons
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which attacks the brain and becomes progressively worse over the years.

Those living with the condition may experience tremors across the body, slow movement and stiffness in the muscles.

Other symptoms include constipation, insomnia, memory loss and depression.

The illness is caused by a loss of nerve cells in the substantia nigra located in the brain.

Around 1 in 500 people are affected with Parkinson’s disease in the UK.

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Synonyms - Parkinson's
Parkinson’s
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which affects parts of the brain and becomes progressively worse over the years.

The three main symptoms of Parkinson’s are stiff muscle movements, slow movements and tremors. Those living with the illness can also suffer from constipation, depression, anosmia (loss of sense of smell) and insomnia.

Parkinson’s is caused by a loss of nerve cells in the part of the brain called substantia nigra which reduces the dopamine chemical in the brain.

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Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

There are three main types of PCOS – Ovaries which aren’t regularly releasing eggs, high levels of ‘male hormones’ known as androgens in the body and cysts which develop in the ovaries. Studies show one in five women have polycystic ovaries – half of them have no symptoms, which can be weight gain, irregular or no periods, acne, hair loss and excessive hair growth.

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Polymicrogyria
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

A condition which affects the brain also known as PMG

The surface of the brain has many ridges or folds known as gyri.

People with polymicrogyria produce too many gyri’s which produces an abnormally thick cortex on one or multiple regions of the brain.

Symptoms include recurrent seizures (epilepsy), delayed development, crossed eyes, problems with speech and swallowing, and muscle weakness or paralysis

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tetraplegic
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

Also known as quadriplegia, the term is given to people who have lost the use of all their limps and torso as a result of a serious injury or illness.

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Synonyms - tetraplegic
1q44 microdeletion
Glossaries - Disabilities
Glossaries Description -

An A to Z glossary of disabilities

1q44 microdeletion syndrome is a newly described syndrome associated with facial dysmorphism, developmental delay, in particular of expressive speech, seizures and hypotonia.

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